The activists say they drew inspiration from 1960s US civil rights demonstrators who campaigned under the same name against segregated buses.
Palestinians from the West Bank are not allowed to cross into Jerusalem without Israeli permission.
Israel says such restrictions are for security reasons.
The group of six protesters gathered at a West Bank bus stop and waited for an Israeli bus to pick them up, then tried to enter Jerusalem, in what appears to be a first.
After being allowed to travel to an Israeli checkpoint at the edge of Jerusalem, the activists were eventually arrested when they refused to leave the bus.
The protesters say that by only serving Jewish settlements and not Palestinian areas in the West Bank, Israeli bus companies discriminate against them.
“These buses and this whole system is discriminatory to Palestinians,” said activist Fadi Quran, as he waited at the bus stop.
The West Bank Freedom Riders punched above their weight, drawing a lot of publicity for what was a relatively small event, reports the BBC’s Jon Donnison in the West Bank.
The comparison to the Freedom Riders of 1960s America seemed to capture the imagination as dozens of journalists gathered to see the small group board the bus, our correspondent says.
In actual fact, this was less a protest about segregation and more about freedom of movement, he adds.
There are around 500,000 Jewish settlers in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Settlements are illegal under international law although Israel disputes this.
Most of the rational arguments that justify Israel’s hold on the West Bank are derived from a sensitivity toward Israel’s security needs. Israel takes great pains to prevent anything that could threaten the lives of Israelis or her political legitimacy, oftentimes at great cost to both Israelis and Palestinians. For those Jews and Israelis seeking a two-state solution, Israel’s security is the primary precondition to any agreement.
This non-violent protest, then, should present a glimmer of hope for the peace process. These Palestinian protesters have learned the futility of violence and the utility of civil disobedience. If sit-ins remain the only thing that Israel will ever have to fear from any Palestinian, then there should be no excuse for negotiations to not proceed relatively smoothly.
Perhaps we should hope that this bus protest remains a paradigm to be followed by all Palestinians seeking freedom of movement and an improvement on their present situation in the West Bank, as it portends to serve toward the benefit of both Israeli security and Palestinian liberty, and that’s all we really want.
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- Palestinian ‘Freedom Riders’ arrested on bus to Jerusalem – Washington Post (washingtonpost.com)
- Palestinian protesters dragged off Israeli bus riding into Jerusalem (telegraph.co.uk)
- Palestinian ‘freedom riders’ stopped at Israel’s separation wall (csmonitor.com)
- Palestinian ‘freedom riders’ board Israeli bus to Jerusalem (altahrir.wordpress.com)
- Palestinians board settlers’ bus (bbc.co.uk)
- Palestinian “Freedom Riders” Board Settlers’ Bus (socyberty.com)